Villain – The villain doesn’t necessarily need to be human. The villain can be any natural catastrophe – fire, flood, earthquake, drought, global warning, a falling asteroid, an invasion of aliens from outer space, but you’ll have a much more interesting story if your villain is human. Don’t make your villain an incarnation of pure evil. Always remember that the villain is the flip side of the hero. If you want to create a believable villain, give him or her heroic qualities. If you want to write a tragedy, simply use the hero’s story functions and write from the point of view of the villain, but with this caveat: the tragic hero must always lose. In Islamic countries, Osama Bin Laden is a hero, with capitalism, democracy, freedom, and the USA as the great villains. In dramatic terminology, the villain is usually called the antagonist.