II AN INTERDICTION IS ADDRESSED TO THE HERO:

 interdiction.


1. "You dare not look into this closet". "Take care of your little brother, do not venture forth from the courtyard". "If Baba Jaga comes, don't you say anything, be silent". "Often did the prince try to persuade her and command her not to leave the lofty tower," etc. Interdiction not to go out is sometimes strengthened or replaced by putting children in a stronghold. Sometimes, on the contrary, an interdiction is evidenced in a weakened form, as a request or bit of advice: a mother tries to persuade her son not to go out fishing: "you're still little," etc. The tale generally mentions an absentation at first, and then an interdiction. The sequence of events, of course, actually runs in the reverse. Interdictions can also be made without being connected with an absentation: "don't pick the apples"; "don't pick up the golden feather"; "don't open the chest"; "don't kiss your sister".


2. An inverted form of interdiction is represented by an order or a suggestion. "Bring breakfast out into the field". "Take your brother with you to the woods".


3. Here for the sake of better understanding, a digression may be made. Further on the tale presents the sudden arrival of calamity (but not without a certain type of preparation). In connection with this, the initial situation gives a description of particular, sometimes emphasized, prosperity. A tsar has a wonderful garden with golden apples; the old folk fondly love their Ivan, and so on. A particular form is agrarian prosperity: a peasant and his sons have a wonderful hay-making. One often encounters the description of sowing with excellent germination. This prosperity naturally serves as a contrasting background for the misfortune to follow. The specter of this misfortune already hovers invisibly above the happy family. From this situation stem the interdictions not to go out into the street, and others. The very absentation of elders prepares for the misfortune, creating an opportune moment for it. Children, after the departure or death of their parents, are left on their own. A command often plays the role of an interdiction. If children are urged to go out into the field or into the forest, the fulfillment of this command has the same consequences as does violation of an interdiction not to go into the forest or out into the field.